Indian Science Congress sessions[ edit ] First Congress[ edit ] The first meeting of the congress was held from 15—17 January at the premises of the Asiatic SocietyCalcutta.
Mohandas Gandhi was a lawyer who had successfully led the struggle of Indians in South Africa against British discriminatory laws. They believed, along with educationists like Zakir Husain and E W Aryanayakam, that education should be imparted in a manner that enables the learners also to be able to make things with their own hands and learn skills that would make them self-supporting.
After the passage of the Government of India Act ofprovincial elections were held in India in the winter of —37 in eleven provinces: Inin the first general election held after Independence, the party swept to power in the national parliament and most state legislatures. The remainder continued to be known as the Indian National Congress.
To revitalize the party, Kamraj proposed the Kamaraj Plan to Nehru that encouraged six Congress chief ministers including himself and six senior cabinet ministers to resign to take up party work.
However, when the Viceroy Lord Linlithgow declared India a belligerent in World War II without any consultation with the elected representatives of the people, the Congress ministries resigned. Annie Besant launched the Home Rule Movement to put forth Indian demands for Home Rule — Indian participation in the affairs of their own country — a precursor to Swaraj.
Differences arose in on whether Bose should have a second term. In the intervening years, the party was successful at various legislative assembly elections; at one point, Congress ruled 15 states. He, along with the young Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Mrs.
The All-India Muslim League failed to form a government in any province. After the Bangladeshi War of Independence, it became known as the Bangladeshi National Congressbut was dissolved in by the government.
Jawaharlal Nehru, who Gandhi had always preferred to Bose, had had a second term earlier. Once again, politician K. Rangaiah Naidu of the Madras Mahajana Sabha.
The prime minister said: Congressmen saw themselves as loyalists, but wanted an active role in governing their own country, albeit as part of the Empire. April Foreign Policy[ edit ] Even before independence of Indiathe Indian National Congress had well articulated foreign policy positions.
Although its members were predominantly Hindu, it had members from other religions, economic classes, and ethnic and linguistic groups. One hundred and five scientists from different parts of India and abroad attended it.
Inan Indian court convicted 26 people in the conspiracy to assassinate Gandhi. The hand symbol was first used by Indira Gandhi when she split from the Congress R faction following the elections and created the New Congress I. In the Congress lost popularity following the defeat in the Indo-Chinese war of After his government became embroiled in several financial scandals, his leadership became increasingly ineffectual.
Tilak had considerably moderated his views, and now favoured political dialogue with the British. Kothari as General president. The first spurts of nationalistic sentiment that rose amongst Congress members were when the desire to be represented in the bodies of government, to have a say, a vote in the lawmaking and issues of administration of India.
Champaran Satyagraha and Kheda Satyagraha Mohandas Karmchand Gandhi, who later on became more popular as Mahatma Gandhi, had success in defeating the British in Champaran and Kheda, giving India its first victory in the struggle for freedom. This introduction of democracy was vital in rejuvenating the party, giving voice to ordinary members as well as valuable practice for Indians in democracy.
For these reasons, he considered swaraj as the natural and only solution: Eligibility for leadership would be determined by how much social work and service a member had done, not by his wealth or social standing. Altogether 35 papers under 6 different sections, namely BotanyChemistryEthnographyGeology, Physics and Zoology were presented.
April Learn how and when to remove this template message Many Muslim community leaders, like the prominent educationalist Syed Ahmed Khanviewed the Congress negatively, owing to its membership being dominated by Hindus.
Gandhi encouraged tens of thousands of Congress volunteers to embrace a wide variety of organized tasks to address major social problems across India.
This event is known as Operation Blue Star. Voices calling for political independence grew in number. Platinum Jubilee[ edit ] The Indian Science Congress Association celebrated the seventy-fifth year of its inception, popularly called otherwise, Platinum Jubilee, inwith Prof.
The Congress lost credit with the people. Gandhi as a counter-move launched her own faction of the INC. Conflict within the Indian science system[ edit ] Corruption in India is a major problem and the science sector is no exception. Girirather than the official Congress party candidate, Neelam Sanjiva Reddyfor the vacant post of the President of India.
The focus would change slightly from the single-minded devotion to complete independence, to also entertaining excitement and theorizing about the future governance of the nation.The Official Channel of India's most vibrant political movement.
The values of the Indian National Congress are deeply rooted in democracy. We led the freedo. Congress Party: Official website of Indian National Congress.
Join us and become a congressman. Indian National Congress, Indian political party, founded in Its founding members proposed economic reforms and wanted a larger role in the making of British policy for India.
Byhowever, the Congress had split into a moderate group led by Gopal Krishna Gokhale, who sought dominion. Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) is a premier scientific organisation of India with headquarters at Kolkata, Science and national welfare 55th Varanasi Atma Ram Science in India – some aspects 56th Mumbai A.
Joshi (A. C Founded: ABOUT The Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) The Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) owes its origin to the foresight and initiative of two British Chemists, namely, Professor J. L. Simonsen and Professor P.S. MacMahon. It occurred to them that scientific research in India might be stimulated if an annual meeting of research.
List of presidents of Indian national congress – congress party ( - ) List of presidents of Indian national congress.(Bombay): mint-body.comee.Download