The sought after solution is not to segregate the territory into areas devoted to either forestry or ecology, but to integrate all functions.
Sustainable forestry tries to preserve forests for the future, close Close to nature nature forestry aims to improve them. The trio activities are heavily influenced by the people who live around the forest block being managed.
Introduced species can, depending on circumstances, supplement natural species, and add economical revenue. Pro Silva recommends to use the uneven-aged forest system, in which the ages, and consequently sizes, of trees in a forest are different. The pressure of herbivore fauna, mainly cervidsin some European forests, has reached an intensity that is threatening the practice of close to nature forestry.
It may be that there is information available about the behavior of this species in the habitat, or the forester is ready to make a trial.
In this respect the three important issues are: It has the advantage to offer a stable structure regarding natural disasters and plagues, and is very adequate for fauna habitat and biodiversity promotion.
Sustainable forestry aims to restrain forestry practice in order to preserve ecological values, close to nature forestry uses ecological principles to promote forestry results. Sustainable forestry seeks a balance between competing interests, close to nature forestry integrates mutually interacting interests.
Pro Silva makes some distinctions, based on species and conditions. It has to be directed to favor the trees that show good prospect for the future. It is therefore of paramount importance that the local people should be included in any program leading to the management of nature forestry initiative.
The Ecoforestry Institute consists on educational, non profit and non governmental organizations operating in US and Canada.
The introduction of exotic species should only be permitted after trials conducted from the qualitative and quantitative point of view.
The forest species that are introduced to a region are termed exotic. In recent years this association has increased a lot its membership.
The un-even aged forest is continuously regenerating, and therefore it is difficult to make it compatible with grazing, and does not admit a high density of wild herbivore fauna. In this connection, they need to be fully made aware of the purpose of forest management, they be provided with education and other skills development opportunities for forest management, they be allowed to reap some benefits such as the collection of non-timber forest products.
Recommended practices[ edit ] Proposed thinning frequency is about ten years, and intensity low, in order to limit the ingress of excessive light, which could promote too much understoryor the growing of epicormic shoots.
Whenever foresters decide to use a species that is not native, they do it because they think that there are silvicultural advantages linked to this choice, be they the wood quality, ease of management, adaptation to the climatic conditions, shorter production delay, etc.
Because it requires less human intervention, the close to nature forestry has lower labor costs. These are some of the distinctions between both systems. Herbivore fauna management[ edit ] The herbivore faunabe it domesticated or wild, acts on tree seedlings and small trees.
This is in demand by society, and the payment for ecosystem services is being considered Social and Community Aspects[ edit ] Social and community aspects entail the management of the forestry block with the minimum disturbance caused from outside.
It is unrealistic to think about any nature forestry initiative without considering the needs, aspirations, customs of the local community. They propose a forestry based on ecological principles, very similar to those of Pro Silva .
This has been the result of lower lumber prices and higher operating costs. The people around should be well-integrated into the forest lot in order to ensure its sustainable management. From the ecological point of view, the introducing species is considered as a threat.
The products to obtain, other than wood, are fauna habitatsbiodiversityrecreational, aesthetics, and water management. McEvoy has published the book Positive Impact Forestry,  which recommends forestry practices similar to those of the "close to nature" movement.Close to nature forestry is a management approach treating forest as an ecological system performing multiple functions.
Close to nature silviculture tries to achieve the management objectives with minimum necessary human intervention aimed at accelerating the processes that nature would do by itself more slowly. It works with natural. Connecting with nature can improve your health and wellbeing, say researchers in this week's British Medical Journal.
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