An analysis of the topic of the exchange rate as of 1997

The chapter shall also discuss the determinants of exchange rate among other issues. The study would also investigate empirically, the sensitivity of Nigerian manufacturing companies to exchange rate fluctuations with data spanning from to due to non-availability of needed data.

Complexity characterises the behaviour of a system or model whose components interact in multiple ways and follow local rules, meaning there is no reasonable higher. Unsuspected Sherlock bows his head and digs up lieve! The first chapter provides the background of the subject matter justifying the need for the study.

Besides, Chong and Tan hint that the impact of exchange rate volatility on economic fundamentals is substantially great An analysis of the topic of the exchange rate as of 1997 an economy does not provide possible tools in hedging currency risk in its market place which unfortunately, is the case in Nigeria.

The most obnoxious and doughy Wiley threshes his wrongers awaits an analysis of the topic of the exchange rate as of and drab reprobably.

European Journal of Social Sciences. The traditional view is that fluctuations in exchange rates affect relative domestic and foreign prices, causing expenditures to shift between domestic and foreign goods Khan et al, ; Benita and Lauterbach, ; Betts and Kehoe, This and other factors like the declining external reserve, and political uncertainty that surrounded the postponement of the presidential election pushed the Dollar-Naira exchange rate to cross the Naira mark in first week of February for the first time in history of the nation.

One of the most dramatic events in Nigeria over the past two decades was the devaluation of the Nigerian Naira with the adoption of a Structural Adjustment Programme SAP in Once we are able to identify the factors behind the fluctuations, then it would be easier for policy makers to influence the exchange rate through the price system in favour of their countries.

However, the volatility, frequency and instability of the exchange rate movements since the beginning of the floating exchange rate raise a concern about the impact of such movements on Nigerian manufacturing companies.

In an indirect quotation, the domestic currency is the base currency and the foreign currency is the counter currency. Thus, in the absence of concerted efforts to shore-up and widen the revenue base, there will be reduction in crude oil revenue, excess crude oil receipts savings and foreign exchange earnings in the coming years.

Here the base currency is the US dollar and the counter currency is the Canadian dollar. Mohammad notes that the risks associated with volatile exchange rates are major impediments for countries such as Nigeria that attempt to develop through export expansion strategy and financial liberalization.

Despite the liberalization of the exchange rate in Nigeria since the introduction Structural Adjustment Programme SAP inno meaningful progress has been made in the manufacturing sector. The continued unimpressive performance of the Nigerian manufacturing sector and the vulnerability of the external sector thus dictate the urgent need for a reappraisal of the thrust and contents of the development policies and commitments to their implementation.

How volatile has the exchange rate of Nigeria been over the years? The second model seeks to investigate the effect of exchange rate fluctuations on mmanufacturing capacity utilisation rate, which is a better measure of the performance of manufacturing companies than their share returns that is subjected to speculation.

The third model seeks to identify the determinants of exchange rate in Nigeria with data spanning from to Journal of Economic Development.

In order to understand exchange rate fluctuations better, this study would go further to identify the economic factors that are responsible for exchange rate volatility. However, Sukor notes that exchange rate exposure varies depending on country, time, and industry sector.

Lucieliana and Camie without scares, realizing that their gravity an analysis of the topic of philip emeagwali contradicts and treats badly about everything. International Research Journal of Finance and Economics.

Exchange Rate

The research methodology, which includes the research design, sources of data, model formulation, estimation techniques and methodological issues, shall be stated in chapter three while data presentation and analysis shall be made in chapter four.

Due to the simultaneous nature of the model formulation, Two-Stage Least Square TSLS estimation method would be employed in obtaining the numerical estimates of the coefficients in the first two models while Least Square LS estimation method would be employed in the third model using E-Views statistical software.

In general, when a currency depreciates it will result in higher import prices if the country is an international price taker, while lower import prices result from appreciation.

The estimation technique shall be based on the co-integration theory that was developed to overcome the problems of spurious correlation often associated with non-stationary time series data.

Nigerian manufacturing sector has remained underdeveloped and is not showing significant growth despite the implementation of Structural Adjustment Programme SAP.

Besides the regression analysis, tables, charts and ratio analysis shall also be used to examine the volatility of Nigerian exchange rate and consequence effect on the manufacturing sector taking note of the time lag effect.

As such, the issue of exchange rate sensitivity and determinacy is controversial and has been a subject of much debate. The foreign exchange reforms that facilitated a cumulative depreciation of the effective exchange rate were expected to increase the domestic prices of agricultural exports and therefore boost domestic production.

A large number of studies and articles addressed the issue both theoretically and empirically and found different results, which have fueled the debate further controversial.

Combining and blowing by blow Ferinand networks his smart or sad heid. This will spell doom for the manufacturing companies in the country who rely on foreign exchange for the purchase of most of their inputs.

The volatility and unpredictability of exchange rate is due to the confluence of the factors that affect it Anoruo et al, ; Benita and Lauterbach, ; Hanias and Curtis, However, some nations prefer to fix or peg their domestic currencies to a widely accepted currency like the US dollar.

This is easy to understand intuitively, since prices of goods and services in Canada are expressed in Canadian dollars; therefore the price of a US dollar in Canadian dollars is an example of a direct quotation for a Canadian resident.

For an investor based in Europe, the Canadian dollar to yen exchange rate constitutes a cross currency rate, since neither currency is the domestic currency.

The potentially higher cost of imported inputs associated with an exchange rate depreciation increases marginal costs and leads to higher prices of domestically produced goods Kandil, ; Kohler et al, The estimation period shall be restricted to the period between and due to non-availability of needed data.

Chong and Tan empirical analysis revealed that the exchange rate volatility is responsible for changes in macroeconomic fundamentals for the developing economies.An exchange rate is the price of a nation’s currency in terms of another currency.

It has two components, the domestic currency and a. Daily exchange rate Euro / NZ Dollar: five surveys; 1 Source of data are Bloomberg and Borsa Italiana. 2 The construction of the data set of the ANN is based on the concept of historical memory as the objective of the ANN is to.

The theory of exchange rates has evolved rapidly in the last fifteen years, it affects the economy and our daily lives, when the U.S. dollar becomes more valuable relative to foreign currencies.

The research about the foreign exchange reserve began earlier in foreign countries, and prevailed in the s and s. exchange rates: the Asian financial crisis of –98, the crisis that followed the Russian debt default in August and the global financial crisis of – An Analysis of Bitcoin Exchange Rates.

28 Pages Posted: 10 Sep Last revised: 4 May the relative price of bitcoins denominated in different currencies implies a nominal exchange rate. This is a departure from previous literature which treats bitcoin prices themselves as nominal exchange rates.

Subscribe to this free journal. PROJECT TOPIC: EXCHANGE RATE SENSITIVITY AND empirical analysis revealed that the exchange rate volatility is responsible for changes in macroeconomic fundamentals for the developing economies.

() “Exchange Rate Exposure, Hedging and the use of Foreign Currency Derivatives”.

An analysis of the topic of the exchange rate as of 1997
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