A study of the ambitious roman lucius sergius catalina

The complaints of the provincials had led to his indictment for extortion, and the case finally came before the court in 65 B. II xiii 18] Other Web Pages. While it is possible that Cicero was honest in his campaign against Catalina, I will argue that the opposite possibility is just as or even more likely.

Even while he was serving as governor in Africa, delegates from his province traveled to Rome and accused Catiline of extortion. Nevertheless, many Romans still viewed his character with a degree of respect.

Catiline Reference

Once the Senatus Consultum Ultimum had been passed Cicero acted with all speed, arranged for forces to secure the capital, and despatched a specially raised levy of troops to strengthen the defenses of Praeneste. Nam strenuissumus quisque aut occiderat in proelio aut grauiter uolneratus discesserat.

The envoys, however, had more good sense than the conspirators and decided that the dangers of the bargain outweighed its benefits.

The story is highly appropriate for a man ever driven to violence and crime by the corruption of the times and by his bad conscience. What was Catilina really like?

This opposition sprang from concern for the rule of law and of fear that a dangerous precedent was being established. Taking Lentulus by the hand out of consideration for his position as praetor, Cicero led the three other conspirators and Volturcius to the temple of Concord where a meeting of the Senate had been convened.

Two prominent Roman authors recount many details of his life, yet the integrity of their comments is suspect. Rewards were offered for information about the conspiracy: His personal authority and the force of his logic won the day, and he sat down to general applause.

Among those who testified in his favor was Quintus Lutatius Catulus, the consul of 78 B. The fact is that Catilina was an easy target; a handsome and cunning man prone to excess and sexual scandal. Their conduct during the conspiracy only serves to confirm the view that their own shortcomings drove them to join Catiline as the sole means of achieving a better place in society.

After an arduous march with the remains of his army, he reached the vicinity of Pistoria where he found the route blocked by Quintus Metellus Celer and three legions, and the forces of Antonius were by now not far away.

Little is know of his parents or his childhood, other than a suggestion that his father had to face financial difficulties. Sed ubi omnibus rebus exploratis Petreius tuba signum dat, cohortis paulatim incedere iubet; idem facit hostium exercitus.

Yet there are surprisingly few of them in his work. We have no detailed knowledge of what was happening in Rome during August and September, but the existence of an active conspiracy should be dated from these months. He ordered them to take an armed force to the Mulvian bridge by which the via Flaminia crosses the Tiber two miles north of Rome.

His oath was greeted by the people with thunderous applause and he was again escorted home by the loyal citizens of Rome.

Lucius Sergius Catilina

Res ipsa hortari uidetur, quoniam de moribus ciuitatis tempus admonuit, supra repetere ac paucis instituta maiorum domi militiaeque, quo modo rem publicam habuerint quantamque reliquerint, ut paulatim inmutata ex pulcherruma atque optuma pessuma ac flagitiosissuma facta sit, disserere.

With a fine disregard for the perils of the hour Servius Sulpicius Rufus, one of the unsuccessful candidates for the consulship, combined with Marcus Porcius Cato to accuse Lucius Licinius Murena, consul-elect for 62 B.

Catiline was also accused of marrying his own daughter, the product of an adulterous affair. This praise was not to last long.

He must therefore avoid identifying his audience with those whom he is attacking. As president of the court Caesar was not responsible for the verdict of the jury, but it does show that there existed influential men concerned to preserve Catiline from political extinction.

Three days later, on the 3rd of January, Nepos attacked him in the House, but the Senate passed a resolution indemnifying all who had acted against the conspirators.

With them was Ceparius who had been caught shortly after the others. After a hearing in which he received the support of many consulares, he was acquitted, but not in time for him to stand in the consular elections for 64 B.

Multi autem, qui e castris uisundi aut spoliandi gratia processerant, uoluentes hostilia cadauera amicum alii, pars hospitem aut cognatum reperiebant; fuere item qui inimicos suos cognoscerent. Catiline and his followers made no move -- if they had ever intended one --and Decimus Junius Silanus and Lucius Licinius Murena were elected.

His fellow consul-elect, Lucius Licinius Murena, and fourteen consulares supported his motion, Caesar, as praetor-elect, was then asked to give his view. Cicero could easily have taken advantage of his prodigious skill to ruin Catilina, forever marring his name.

Then, on the 17th, under cover of the uncontrolled revelry of the Saturnalia, Statilius and Gabinius were to start fires in twelve places, and in the resulting confusion Cethegus was to kill Cicero at his home and other leading men were to be assassinated.

He resented Cicero and the Optimates, and saw himself more than worthy of wielding greater authority.

Lucius Sergius Catalina: Villain or Victim? The Famed Cicero as a Violent Aggressor

It was his right as consul to take any action required, but he wanted the authority of the Senate behind him. Despite these events, the Senate remained only partly convinced of the immediate danger that Catiline represented. His troops had held their ground almost to a man; even those who had been scattered were found with their wounds in front; not a single freeborn citizen was taken alive and Catiline himself was found far in advance of his men, still breathing and with all his old spirit still showing upon his face.The first public mention of Catiline occurs in 89 b.c.e.

when he served in the army of Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo. Like many other young Roman aristocrats, Catiline served as a junior officer in order to receive military experience, normally a prerequisite for a successful political career. A Study of the Ambitious Roman, Lucius Sergius Catalina PAGES 2.

The Life and Times of the Real Catiline

WORDS 1, View Full Essay. More essays like this: roman empire, ambitious roman, lucius serguis catalina. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. roman empire, ambitious roman, lucius serguis catalina. Not sure.

Lucius Sergius Catilina was a patrician member of a noble family which had not provided Rome with a consul for more than three hundred years and whose decayed fortunes he was determined to revive. Republic: Cataline, First Triumvirate & Caesar study guide by Alex_Siegal includes 88 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.

Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Lucius Sergius Catiline was an ambitious politician with a policy that made him a “champion of the poor and dispossessed.” Catiline was born into a very noble patrician family, the gens Sergia, which claimed to be descendants from one of the companions of Aeneas.

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